Known as of the most iconic names in Scottish history due to its links to Robert the Bruce and the Scottish victory at the Battle of Bannockburn, the Bruce name existed long before 1314.
Originating in Norman France near Cherbourg, it is believed Robert de Brus first arrived in Britain in 1066 along with William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy. One of his descendants, another Robert de Brus, would eventually come north to Scotland with Prince David, later David I of Scotland, as he attempted to regain his Kingdom in 1124.
Eventually, Robert, 4th Lord of Annandale, would lay the foundations for the Royal House of Bruce as he married Isobel, Niece of King Willam the Lion, and their son was named heir to the crown until his claim was challenged by the birth of another claimant to the throne from the family Balliol.
This would trigger a succession contest following the death of the heir to the throne, Margaret, the Maid of Norway, in 1290. With the help of Edward, I of England, John Balliol would be chosen as King. However, Edward was not happy to simply help name the monarch and instead asserted a right of overlordship over Scotland. After a failed retaliation by Balliol at the Battle of Dunbar, Bruce would eventually take the Scottish throne following his murder of the only other claimant, John Comyn, at Dumfries in 1306. He would eventually, rid the country of English rule-following Bannockburn in 1314.
After the Reign of Robert the Bruce, the crown passed to his son, David II. However, he would die without issue in 1371 and the line of succession passed to house Stewart.
The current clan chief is Andrew Bruce, 11th Earl of Elgin.