Believed to have been of Norman origin, the Crawford clan takes their name from a barony in Lanarkshire.
The first mention of the Crawfords was in 1127 when – according to legend – the King was saved from certain death at the hands of a stag by Sir Gregan Crawford.
The Crawford family would go on to be linked to one of the most famous figures in the history of Scotland – Sir William Wallace. While not a Crawford by name, Wallace’s mother Margaret was the brother of clan chief, Sir Reginald Crawford. Wallace would lead Scottish forces in the early stages of the Scottish War of Independence – leading Scotland to a spectacular victory at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297 despite having less than half of the manpower of their English counterparts. Wallace would assume control of the country for a period after this victory as a ‘guardian of Scotland’ until defeat at the Battle of Falkirk a year later forced him into hiding and eventually led to his death by execution in 1305.
The Crawfords would go on to build their historic seat, the Castle of Craufurdland, in Ayrshire in the 16th century. This property would remain in their hands until the 18th century. The family still live at Crawfurdland, which now operates as luxury accommodation. There is currently no clan chief. However, there is a clan association which was granted arms in 2012.